History Series You Need to Watch: The Great War and World War Two

If you are like me there is no such thing as too much history. It would be comparable as to saying there is too much air to breathe. Fortunately for those of us that have a continuous history craving there is just the fix for us.

On Youtube there is a content creator by the name of Indy Neidell, along with his highly skilled team. This group specializes on covering the two world wars, week by week. This isn’t just history content released week by week, but the covering of the wars as they unfold in real time.

Certainly a daunting feat, but they have already done it with their first series, The Great War. For that project they covered the war each week for four years. Calling it impressive would be a bit of an understatement.

They manage to cover not only the numerous fronts around the world but also cover the political aspects, economics, and various other factors. With the amount of firsthand quotes from soldiers, generals, and civilians it also gives an intimate look into how they viewed the war.

They also produce various special episodes such as Out of the Trenches, where they answer viewer questions and a series where they cover the important players in the war.

The current production quality is quite high, thanks to the donations they receive from their audience. They have numerous clips and images to display as they narrate the events, custom animated maps to display troops movements and the situation of the war, and a lovely designed set from which Indy discusses the war.

If you are looking for an in depth coverage of both world wars there is no better series to watch. Although it may seem daunting at first to jump into such a lengthy series the years will flash by before you know it.

With the World War Two series just starting a few months ago it still has a little less than 6 years left, and I am eagerly awaiting every single episode.

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Book Recommendation: Why Hitler Came Into Power

The Second World War is a subject that has been covered extensively. Whether it be through documentaries, Hollywood films, or through books. Attempting to consume all there has been created about World War II would be very difficult, if not impossible.

Arguably more important, however, is the prewar situation of Weimar Germany. Had it not been for the chaos in Germany caused by the first World War and its consequences it is easy to assume the Third Reich would have never come into existence.

While there are many books on the death of democracy in Germany most of them focus on the big players and key events. While the German people are mentioned they have served as a backdrop, setting the stage for the events to come. Theodore Abel, however, had a different approach.

Seeking to understand how the Nazi Party came to power Abel went to Germany and created a contest. This contest offered  prizes for autobiographies on why members of the Nazi Party joined the movement. Without any outside assistance Abel had to provide the prize money out of his own pockets.

This contest resulted in one of the most illuminating insights into the development of the Hitler movement. It gives us, in the common peoples’ own words, why they were attracted to such an extreme movement.

The book is divided into three parts. Historical background, analysis of the movement, and six featured submissions from contestants.

Abel, in an effort to maintain trustworthiness and accuracy, filtered out submissions that appeared to be written to gain favor with party officials or other such insincere submissions.

One of the main recurring themes of the submissions is the feeling of betrayal, by forces seen and unseen. Reaction to the troops returning from the front was harsh, especially at the hand of socialist and communist revolutionaries. As one German writes

“Troops were once again returning to the Fatherland, yet a disgusting sigh met their eyes. Beardless boys, dissolute deserters and whores tore off the shoulder bands of our front-line fighters, and spat upon their field-gray uniforms. At the same time they muttered something about liberty, equality, and fraternity. Poor, deluded people! Was this liberty and fraternity? People who never saw a battle field, who had never heard the whine of a bullet, openly insulted men who through four and a half years had defied the world in arms, who had risked their lives in innumerable battles, with the sole desire to guard the country against this horror.”

(Why Hitler Came Into Power, Page 24)

This resentment and refusal to accept defeat led to the infamous Stab in the Back Myth, which became a rallying cry for nationalists throughout Germany.

The point in the book I found most interesting was how party members viewed nationalism and socialism. Initially seen as opposing forces  Hitler instead formed a synthesis, combining the two into his doctrine of National Socialism. As a few submissions illuminate…

“But there was another word that aroused our enthusiasm; the word connected with “German,” instead of being coupled with democracy and liberalism as was usually the case. Socialism, enlightenment, the development of the communal spirit… Once more we could respect every German as our brother. We sensed and we knew that if we succeeded in animating these printed words, if we could unite the concepts of nationalism and socialism, we would have a banner under which we could lead the German people to freedom.”

(Page 47)

“I read Hitler’s speeches, studied the program of the National Socialist party, and gradually I was politically reborn. Filled with a pure joy I realized that what my mother had once said was true after all- that it was a hallowed act to give up one’s life for Germany as the soldiers at the front had done. At the same time, my father’s lifelong yearning for a German socialism was tenable. I became a National Socialist.” (Page 212)

Another important factor in Hitler’s rise to power was his charisma. As many sources show seeing Hitler in person had an uncannily religious fervor to it. Supporters would become overwhelmed with a desire to struggle and work as much as possible to see that the ideals their leader set out would be implemented.

Due to attempts by the government to crack down on the Nazi party and the lack of unity early on many party members acted of their own initiative. Many members had to engage in grassroots efforts to expand the party, giving all they could afford to spread the message of National Socialism.

Now one must remember that although Abel tried to maintain accuracy it is unavoidable that a level of bias exists in these submissions. With the way some describe their devotion to Hitler it would be beyond ignorant to deny such bias. But in spite of this the autobiographies submitted shine a rare light into the Nazi party. One that tries to understand how a nation of civilized people could fall prey to Adolf Hitler.

I can’t recommend this book enough. If you want to gain a full picture of the Third Reich, you have to understand why the German people willingly gave it power.

If you order the book through my affiliate link I get a small commission from your purchase.

https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0674952006/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0674952006&linkCode=as2&tag=forumofcincin-20&linkId=815305ff91034778e9314a67f5d97cb0

 

Some of the Strange Names of Wars

As if taking cue from the monarchs’ historians can be quite bad at naming events. Why come up with a new name when you can just name your newborn Louis the fourteenth? Today I would like to take a look at some of the names of wars for their strange names, misleading titles, and other such oddities.

The Hundred Years’ War

The obvious fact wrong with this title is that the war did not last for one hundred years. It in fact lasted for one hundred and sixteen years. This may be a result of rounding off for simplicity or convenience, but other fields would be less forgiving. Just try rounding off numbers to that degree in chemistry or with temperature.

The French and Indian War

This one appears simple enough. It implies that the French and Indians were fighting each other.  Well yes and no. The French were fighting the Indian allies of the British and their colonists. But the French also had Indian allies. What I find most curious is that the title would omit the British, as they would be France’s major antagonist. But perhaps this is a way to distinguish itself from the innumerable wars the two have fought against each other.

The Continuation War

This title is completely devoid of meaning or context if you know nothing about the Winter War. And even then, the Winter War gives no clue to its combatants. Being a small war it would need to be able to stick out more on its own compared to The Second World War, which most people already know the major combatants. The Winter War was between the Soviet Union and Finland and after 3 months, despite the remarkable performance of the Finnish, the Soviet Union annexed parts of Finland. The Continuation War was, as you might be able to guess, a resumption of the war as Finland sought to regain lost land by the opportunity Operation Barbarossa provided. Finland failed to regain land and instead lost further ground.

The Pastry War

This title sounds like a joke, but I can assure you such a conflict actually took place. Displaying that even historians can have a sense of humor. A French bakery in Mexico sent a complaint to the King saying that Mexican officers had looted his shop. With more complaints of French citizens arriving the King demanded Mexico pay 600,000 pesos, an outrageous sum at the time. (The average daily wage was just one peso.) Mexico refused and thus war broke out.

Inaccuracy in the Classroom

Have you ever heard a professional or respected individual in their field say something wildly wrong with which you were able to say nothing and only able to gaze in shock? Well I get to do that while paying hundreds of dollars for that said misinformation.

I may be being a bit harsh but as a mildly stingy person I want to get good use out of my cash. And as seeing as college is supposed to be a source of learning it makes hearing incorrect information all the more painful.

Now as a student attempting to major in history I am aware of how troublesome remembering so many dates, names, and places there can be. (Made infinitely worse by most monarchs sharing the same name.)

But at a point you leave the realm of reasonable misinformation and descend into wild inaccuracy.

During one of my economics classes my teacher (who for a miraculous change was not discussing her ex-husband) was talking about regulation. She went on to say, without hyperbole, that Ronald Reagan and George Bush deregulated the entire economy.

I have never felt that stupefied in any classroom before. Surely, I misheard her? Sadly, this was not the case. Despite how badly I wanted to challenge her statement I was too amazed to remember how to use my vocal chords.

To start with let’s take a brief look at both George Bush’s (she didn’t specify, so I shall go over both.)

-Raised taxes (So much for my ability to read lips)

-Gulf War and Iraq War

– W Bush expanded Medicare by signing the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act

-The Patriot Act and the NSA (social regulation is just as much a restriction as economic)

– Increased government spending

Hardly the complete deregulation I was told of.

Ronald Reagan was more free market in regards to both Bush’s but was nowhere near my economics teachers claim.

-Increased military spending and foreign intervention

-War on Drugs

-Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982, which raised taxes

Now if she were to claim that the early United States was unregulated, she would have a better case.

Thankfully this has been the only case of majorly false information that I have come across in my time in school. It is sad though that a statement coming from a college professor can be rebutted in a few quick searches. Although this does provide us a good example of how new tools on the internet allow us to pursue information in numerous new ways.

Keep on learning and have a good day.